Treating Alopecia Areata: Current Practices Versus New Directions

    Aditya K. Gupta, Jessie Carviel, William Abramovits
    TLDR New treatments like JAK inhibitors show promise for reversing alopecia areata.
    The document reviewed treatments for alopecia areata, comparing traditional methods like corticosteroids and immunosuppressants with newer therapies such as Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors (tofacitinib and ruxolitinib), which showed promise in reversing the condition by targeting immune pathways. Some patients experienced significant hair regrowth with JAK inhibitors. Other emerging treatments included platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy and excimer lasers, though their effectiveness varied. The review highlighted the necessity for ongoing research to improve these therapies and understand their long-term effects.
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