TLDR Some treatments can help hair regrowth in alopecia areata, but none offer a cure, and effectiveness varies.
The 2009 document reviews treatment options for alopecia areata (AA), highlighting that while treatments like minoxidil, corticosteroids, and contact immunotherapy can promote hair regrowth, they do not cure AA. Contact immunotherapy with DPCP is the most stable and widely used, with a 50% to 60% regrowth rate, but success varies, especially in extensive alopecia. Systemic treatments, including corticosteroids and other immunosuppressors like cyclosporine and methotrexate, are used with caution due to side effects and potential relapse. Methotrexate showed regrowth in 14 out of 22 patients, and biotin and zinc were beneficial in children. Biologic therapies and other miscellaneous treatments have been explored, but more research is needed to confirm their efficacy. The document recommends a stepwise approach to treatment, starting with less aggressive measures and advancing to more aggressive ones based on disease severity and response to treatment.View this study on sciencedirect.com →
Topical latanoprost doesn't effectively regrow hair in severe eyebrow alopecia areata cases.
Applying latanoprost on skin can stimulate hair growth with minimal side effects.
Aromatherapy with certain essential oils is a safe and effective treatment for hair growth in alopecia areata patients.
Steroids help hair regrowth, and minoxidil slows post-steroid hair loss, but effects are temporary.
3% topical minoxidil effectively treats extensive alopecia areata.
Minoxidil solution helps hair regrowth in alopecia areata, with 5% being more effective.
Minoxidil helps hair regrowth in alopecia patients, with 16 having good results and no side effects.
The review suggests more research is needed to understand Frontal fibrosing alopecia, a condition causing hairline recession in postmenopausal women.
The document concludes that better treatments for CCCA are needed and more research is required to understand its causes related to hairstyling and genetics.
The conclusion is that oral contraceptives and antiandrogens can treat hirsutism and acne in women with cutaneous hyperandrogenism, but more research is needed for effective treatments, especially for hair loss.