Male Pattern Alopecia A Histopathologic and Histochemical Study

    August 1975 in “ Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
    Anand Lattanand, Waine C. Johnson
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    TLDR Male pattern baldness involves smaller hair follicles, larger oil glands, and other tissue changes, but not major blood supply issues.
    In 1975, Anand Lattanand and Waine C. Johnson conducted a study on 347 tissue specimens from 23 patients with male pattern alopecia (MPA). They discovered that MPA is characterized by miniature hair follicles, enlarged sebaceous glands and arrector pili muscles, connective tissue streamers, a thinned dermis, and an increased number of mast cells. While some specimens showed mild inflammation and capillary dilatation, histochemical studies did not indicate significant abnormal enzyme changes, except for altered vascular and nerve supply to the miniaturized follicles. The study also noted an increase in inflammatory cells in about half of the specimens, enlarged sebaceous glands, a decrease in the duration of the anagen phase, and an increase in catagen-telogen follicles. An increase in hyaluronic acid was observed in some specimens, but early MPA showed normal blood supply to follicles, suggesting that vascular insufficiency is not a cause of MPA. The study emphasized the need for adequate biopsy size for proper evaluation and differentiation from other forms of alopecia.
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      Circulatory Changes in Alopecia

      research Circulatory Changes in Alopecia

      36 citations ,   November 1961 in “Archives of Dermatology”
      The document suggests that the traditional understanding of hair growth cycles and alopecia may be inaccurate and that blood supply plays a significant role in hair growth and loss.

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