A clinico-epidemiological study of scalp hair loss in children (0–18 years) in Kota Region, South-East Rajasthan

    January 2019 in “Indian Journal of Dermatology
    Manoj Kumar Sharma, Savera Gupta, Ramesh Kumar, Anil Kumar Singhal, Suresh Jain, Mukul Sharma
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    TLDR About 12% of children in Kota, Rajasthan, experience hair loss, mainly due to fungal infections, with early treatment advised to prevent worsening.
    In 2019, a study was conducted on 1100 children aged 0-18 years in the Kota region of South-East Rajasthan to investigate the prevalence and causes of hair loss. The study found that 11.6% of the children experienced hair loss, with the most common cause being tinea capitis (45.7%). Other causes included alopecia areata (24.1%), traction alopecia (10.3%), and trichotillomania (9.6%). The study also found that nail changes were significantly associated with alopecia areata, and that 2% of patients with telogen effluvium presented as diffuse nonscarring alopecia, often preceded by frequent illnesses and high-grade fever. The study concluded that hair loss in children in this region was a significant problem, and early diagnosis and treatment were recommended to prevent further hair loss and avoid irreversible hair loss and scarring alopecia.
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