How to Treat Androgenetic Alopecia – The Most Common Form of Hair Loss: A Review

    Monika Stradczuk, Łukasz Mazurek, Barbara Rękas, W. Mazurek, Mateusz Piętak, Barbara Kruczyk, Wojciech Kopacz, Joanna Olędzka, Zuzanna Czach, Dominika Bachurska
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    TLDR Androgenetic alopecia can be treated with minoxidil and finasteride, requiring long-term use and patient cooperation.
    This review covers treatment options for androgenetic alopecia (AGA), which affects up to 80% of men by age 70 and 40% of postmenopausal women. AGA is influenced by genetics, age, and androgens like dihydrotestosterone (DHT). FDA-approved treatments include topical minoxidil, which improves blood flow to hair follicles, and oral finasteride, which inhibits the conversion of testosterone to DHT. The review also notes the increasing use of topical minoxidil and finasteride and highlights new emerging treatments. Long-term treatment and patient cooperation are crucial for optimal results and minimizing side effects.
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